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Saturday, October 29, 2011

Muammar Gaddafi ( Muammar Khadafi )

The last few days, the event on television and on radio stations, and do not miss the print and electronic media also reported about the death of dictator Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan leader who has been in power for decades, which eventually killed by their own people. Actually Gaddafi's Who? Abu Muammar al-Qaddafi Minyar or better known by Muammar Gaddafi, was born in Surt, Tripolitania on June 7, 1942. He was born and raised in the harsh desert.
Gaddafi grow when the Arab world is experiencing turmoil. In Palestine, the conflict dragged on after the Jewish state of Israel established in 1948. He also dissolved in a surge of Arab nationalism, the leader shouted Gammal Abdul Nasser of Egypt, in 1952. It is then inspired him at a later date. From these events, created an inference that the military is the greatest weapon to gain power. Starting from this, Gaddafi immediately went into the military after completing their education. He entered the military academy in 1961 and graduated five years later. Gaddafi later was chosen to participate advanced military education for several months in the British Academy, Sandhurst. He also received military training in Athens, Greece. As a young officer Khadafi embarrassed to see Arab states like Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, who lost three wars with Israel in battle in 1967. He was even angrier when King Idris I of Libya just stay quiet fellow Arabs see Israel humiliated in the Six Day War.
On 1 September 1969 the long-awaited opportunity finally came. At the time of King Idris was out Greece for treatment. Because often sick, came word that he would meyerahkan power to Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Sanusi, or better known as Hasan al-Sanusi. He is the nephew of King Idris, who had become crown prince. Surrender the throne took place on 2 September 1969. However, the day before the submission of the throne, while King Idris was abroad, Gaddafi announced that Libya was on the radio in the hands of the Revolutionary Council which will save the state of a power vacuum. Gaddafi led military junta then arrested the military chief of staff and chief of security, which is loyal to King Idris. BBC news station tells how Gaddafi, officer 27 years but has held the rank of colonel, brilliantly perform bloodless coup. "The coup was just spewing some of the bullet," writes the BBC.
On the other hand, the fate of Hasan al-Sanusi, candidate kings are worse off. He is under house arrest and was imprisoned in 1971. In 1984, Hasan and his family evicted from home and have wandered the beach. Until finally Hasan died in London, England, while being treated for a stroke that attacked her. He was later buried beside the tomb of King Idris, in Medina.
at the beginning of his rule, Gaddafi make major changes. Kingdom of Libya was dissolved. Instead, later founded the Arab Socialist Republic with the official name of the Great Socialist People's Republic Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah. Not only that, Gaddafi also replace the national flag. National flag was a combination of red, black, and green with a crescent moon and star symbol in the middle, changed to plain green. However, Gaddafi did not claim to be president or king. He menasbihkan himself as a "brother leader", and the guide of the revolution. In 1970-1972 he had served as prime minister.

Libyan government system overhauled. According to the study of the Library of Congress in 1987 entitled "Government and Politics of Libya", Libya chaired the two main pillars, called sectors. One of the pillars, namely "Revolutionary Sector," composed of Gaddafi as leader of the Revolution, the Revolutionary Committee, and the Revolutionary Command Council, which consists of 12 people. They are the core of power in Libya because of its committees and councils are not elected, but appointed, and no term of office.

Another pillar is the "Jamahiriyah Sector", is the 1500 People's Congress represents the area, and 32 members of the People's Congress Sha'biyat. They are viewed as a legislative institution. Its members are elected every four years. Since 1972, Gaddafi's regime banned political parties. National media were shackled so as not to "mislead" the people by preaching critical to the government. In 1975 Gaddafi has published a guidebook for the official ideology and the Libyan people. He cites as the "Green Book" (Green Book). The book describes three basic understanding of "democracy based on popular government," "Economic Socialism" and "Third International Theory."
Gaddafi is known with his anti-Western attitude is thick. He became a sponsor of the anti imperialism and Zionism. In the 70s until the 90s Libya even become a training ground for radical groups like the Red Brigades of Japan, "Black September" of Palestine, the MILF from the Philippines, and the IRA of Northern Ireland.

His dream of Arab unity Nasser influenced ideas. However, several times his efforts to unify the Arab nation has always failed. Perhaps it is also influenced by the nature of Gaddafi who quarrel with a neighbor. During his reign, Gaddafi has several times fought against neighbor. Until around 2003, Gaddafi relations with neighbors and also the western world began to improve. However, it is actually a boomerang for his administration. The good relations with the West make the information flow into Libya without control. Finally comes the peak around the month of February 2011 ago. Libyans who had eaten at the instigation of outside demands a revolution. Gaddafi is considered too long in power. People's Libyan leader calls for new changes. But the Libyan people's demands are not met by Gaddafi. Eventually arise rebellion by the revolutionaries. Battle happening everywhere. Until the end date of October 20, 2011 yesterday, Gaddafi was shot dead by rebel soldiers. From the video is outstanding, in fact Khadafi caught in the living conditions. He had requested that no dbunuh. But then he got beat by a rebel soldier until he was killed with a bullet wound in his body. It is ironic, a leader who died at the hands of its own people pathetic. Many regretted it, because according to the laws of war an enemy who was caught in the living conditions should not be killed, because he is accountable for his actions before the law.
Bloggers, this little story of life's journey Moammar Gaddafi. Hope can add to our knowledge together.

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16 comments:

bang huda said...

wah,,, blog adsensenya. punyaku pake google friend connet ik. ngelanggar gak ya. tolong di comment ya

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Cmte. Valter said...

Hello my friend, thank you very much for your visit, happy new day with happiness & peace. Hugs Valter.

Deganshah Putra said...

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Yumida said...

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FREE_MOVIE said...

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rahman said...

this all are Israel's plan from the beginning... that's why a good leader finally being killed by his peoples..
hmmm~

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Copas 4 Islam said...

Assalamualaikum,,,, thanx 4 visit

Ardha Herdianto said...

Nice News, keep blogging

yOu said...

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Gaia Eos said...

May every dusk bring you a buffet of serenity rest &each new dawn be even better good night my friend take care ;)
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